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Financial Formulas - Financial Modeling Prep API

Formulas for Financial Ratios and Key Metrics for data analysis and informed decision-making in the stock market

Formulas

Financial ratios serve as valuable instruments for investors, enabling them to comprehensively assess financial outcomes and trends across time periods. Moreover, these ratios offer crucial benchmarks for evaluating organizational effectiveness, facilitating the identification of companies that are surpassing industry peers. Additionally, managers can harness financial ratios to precisely identify their businesses' strengths and weaknesses, allowing for the formulation of impactful strategies and initiatives. These ratios are extensively employed in financial analysis, serving to gauge companies' internal performance and their relative standing. Categorized into profitability, liquidity, solvency, and valuation measurements, these ratios furnish insights that empower investors to make astute stock selections and potentially avert substantial losses.

Here is a list of all the financial ratios that we used to calculate key metrics and ratios for our API. The period of calculation aligns with the period of the financial statements.

Current Ratio

CurrentAssets

CurrentLiabilities

Price-to-Earnings ratio (P/E)

price

(netIncome / shareNumber)

Price to Sales Ratio

price

(revenue / shareNumber)

Price-to-Cash Flow ratio (P/CF)

price

(operatingCashFlow / shareNumber)

Price to Free Cash Flow Ratio (PFCF)

marketCap

freeCashFlow

Price-to-Book (PB) Ratio

price

(totalStockHolderEquity / shareNumber)

Sales Ratio to Enterprise value-to-sales

enterpriseValue

revenue

Enterprise Value

marketCap - cashAndCashEquivalents + totalDebt

Enterprise Value Over EBITDA

enterpriseValue

ebitda

Enterprise Value To Operating Cash Flow

enterpriseValue

operatingCashFlow

Earnings Yield

>(netIncome / shareNumber)

price

Free Cash Flow Yield

freeCashFlow

marketCap

Debt To Equity

Long Term Debt

totalStockHolderEquity

Debt To Assets

Long Term Debt

totalAsset

Net Debt To EBITDA

>(totalDebt - cashAndCashEquivalents)

ebitda

Interest Coverage

ebit

interestExpense

Income Quality

operatingCashFlow

netIncome

Dividend Yield

>(dividendPaid / shareNumber)

price

Payout Ratio

dividendPaid

netIncome

Sales General and Administrative To Revenue

salesAndAdmin

revenue

Return On Tangible Assets

netIncome

(totalAsset - inntangibleAsset)

Working Capital

totalCurrentAssets - totalCurrentLiabilities

Tangible Asset Value

totalAsset - inntangibleAsset - totalLiabilities

Net Current Asset Value

totalCurrentAsset - totalLiabilities

Average Receivables

>(accountReceivables + lastReceivable)

2

Receivables Turnover

revenue

accountReceivables

Revenue Per Share

revenue

shareNumber

Interest Debt Per Share

>(debt + shortTermdebt + interestExpense)

shareNumber

Return on Equity (ROE)

netIncome

totalStockHolderEquity

Capex Per Share

capex

shareNumber

Quick Ratio

>(cashAndCashEquivalents + shortTermInvestments + accountReceivables)

totalCurrentLiabilities

Cash Ratio

cashAndCashEquivalents

totalCurrentLiabilities

Gross Profit Margin

grossProfit

revenue

Return on Assets

netIncome

totalAsset

Return on Equity

netIncome

totalStockHolderEquity

Return on Capital Employed

operatingProfit

((averageTotalAssets − averageCurrentLiabilities) / 2)

Company Equity Multiplier

totalAsset

totalStockHolderEquity

Net Income Per EBT

netIncome

incomeBeforeTaxes

Long Term Debt to Capitalization

debt

(debt + totalStockHolderEquity)

Total Debt to Capitalization

>(debt + shortTermdebt)

(shortTermdebt + debt + totalStockHolderEquity)

Fixed Asset Turnover

revenue

netPPE

Operating Cash Flow Sales Ratio

operatingCashFlow

revenue

Free Cash Flow Operating Cash Flow Ratio

freeCashFlow

operatingCashFlow

Cash Flow Coverage Ratios

operatingCashFlow

(shortTermdebt + debt)

Short Term Coverage Ratios

operatingCashFlow

shortTermdebt

Capital Expenditure Coverage Ratio

operatingCashFlow

capex

Dividend Paid and Capex Coverage Ratio

operatingCashFlow

(capex + dividendPaid)

Days of Sales Outstanding

>(AccountReceivable(start)+AccountReceivable(end))/2

revenue/365

Days of Inventory Outstanding

>(Inventories(start)+Inventories(end))/2

COGS/365

Operating Cycle

Days of Sales Outstanding + Days of Inventory Outstanding

Days of Payables Outstanding

>(AccountsPayable(start)+AccountsPayable(end))/2

COGS/365

Cash Conversion Cycle

Days of Sales Outstanding + Days of Inventory Outstanding + Days of Payables Outstanding

Operating Profit Margin

OperatingIncome

revenue

Pretax Profit Margin

IncomeBeforeTax

revenue

Net Profit Margin

NetIncome

revenue

Effective Tax Rate

ProvisionForIncomeTaxes

IncomeBeforeTax

NIperEBT

NetIncome

EBT

EBTperEBIT

EBT

EBIT

EBITperRevenue

EBIT

revenue

Debt Ratio

TotalLiabilities

TotalAssets

Debt Equity Ratio

totalLiabilities

totalStockHolderEquity

Cash Flow to Debt Ratio

OperatingCashFlows

TotalDebt

Asset Turnover

revenue

TotalAssets

Capital Expenditure Coverage Ratios

OperatingCashFlow

CapitalExpenditure

Price Earnings to Growth Ratio

PriceEarningsRatio

ExpectedRevenueGrowth

Enterprise Value Multiplier

EntrepriseValue

EBITDA

Price Fair Value

price

IntrinsicValue

Return on Invested Capital

operatingProfit×(1−taxRate)

(totalEquity+totalLongTermDebt)

Beta

Monthly price change of stock relative to the monthly price change of the S&P500 (The time period for Beta is 5 years (60 months) when available)

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Financial Modeling Prep API provides real time stock price, company financial statements, major index prices, stock historical data, forex real time rate and cryptocurrencies. Financial Modeling Prep stock price API is in real time, the company reports can be found in quarter or annual format, and goes back 30 years in history.
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